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中文摘要: 摘 要：目的：了解无锡市梁溪区学生近视现状及影响因素，为有效防控学生近视提供依据。方法：采用多阶段分层随 机整群抽样法，随机抽取梁溪区9所学校的2 393名学生，对其进行视力检查和问卷调查。结果：近视检出率为64.90%，学 生近视的严重程度随着学段的升高呈上升趋势。多因素logistic回归分析结果显示，女生、初中及以上学段、父母近视是导致 学生近视的危险因素。读写姿势中眼睛距离书本总是超过1尺 （33.0 cm） 是学生视力的保护因素。结论：梁溪区学生近视状 况较为严峻，学生近视是多种因素综合作用的结果，相关管理部门应采取综合性防控措施减少学生近视的发生。
Abstract:Abstract: OBJECTIVE To investigate the status and influencing factors of myopia among students in Liangxi district of Wuxi, so as to provide scientific basis for effective prevention and control of myopia. METHODS A total of 2 393 students were selected from 9 schools in Liangxi district of Wuxi by Multi-stage stratified cluster random sample, and Visual Acuity Examination and questionnaire survey were conducted. RESULTS The detection rate of myopia was 64.90%. The severity of myopia increased with the school ages. Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that female, junior high school and above, parents who were nearsightedwere risk factors for myopia in students. Reading and writing positions in the eyes were always more than a foot away from the book was the protective factor. CONCLUSION Myopia among Liangxi district students is more serious. There were multifarious factors related. The relevant administrative departments should take comprehensive prevention and control measures to reduce the occurrence of myopia.
文章编号：3202110017 中图分类号：R195 文献标志码：