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中文摘要: 目的 了解河南省初中学生离家出走现况，分析初中生离家出走与网络成瘾的关系。方法 采用分层随机整群抽样的方法，在河南省14个市、县抽取初中学生 14 167人，使用《中国青少年健康相关行为调查问卷（初中版）》进行现场集体匿名问卷调查。结果31.4%的初中生曾想过离家出走，6.3%的初中生尝试过离家出走但未成功，4.8%的初中生曾经离家出走过。不同性别、年级、家庭类型和学习成绩不同的初中生离家出走意念的检出率不同，整体上，女生、高年级学生、重组家庭学生和学习成绩差的初中生离家出走意念的检出率较高，差异有统计学意义（P<0.05）。男生、城市学生、高年级学生和学习成绩差的初中生曾离家出走的检出率高于女生、乡村学生、低年级学生和学习成绩好的学生（P<0.05）。网络成瘾初中生离家出走意念和离家出走行为的检出率均远高于非网络成瘾初中生，差异有统计学意义（P<0.05）。结论 初中生离家出走现象有明显的人口学特征，离家出走与网络成瘾密切相关。
Abstract:OBJECTIVE To understand the status of runaway behavior among junior high school students in Henan and explore the relationships between runaway behavior and internet addiction disorder. METHODS 14 167 students were selected from 14 cities and counties by stratified random cluster sampling, and then they were investigated with “China Youth Health Risk Behaviors Questionnaire (junior high school volume)” in the way of anonymous. RESULTS 31.4% of junior high school students had the intention of running away from home, 6.3% students tried to do it but failed and 4.8% students had been running away from home. Different genders, grades, family types and academic performance had different detection rates of the intention of running away from home. Girls, grade three students, students with reorganized family and students with poor learning had higher detection rates of the intention, and the differences were significant (P<0.05). Boys, city students, grade three students and students with poor academic performance had higher detection rates of running away behavior (P<0.05).There were significant differences between internet addiction students and non-internet addiction students on running away intention and behavior (P<0.05).CONCLUSIONS The demographic characteristics of runaway from home students are obvious in junior high school students, and running away from home is closely related to Internet addiction.
文章编号：3201802022 中图分类号：R179 文献标志码：